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Body Parts and Appendages of the Horse
back - Upper portion of the trunk opposite the belly between the withers and the loin.
belly - Lower portion of the trunk opposite the back.
cannon - Portion of the hind limb between the hock and the fetlock joint supporting the horse’s weight.
cheek - Protruding side of the head behind the upper jaw.
chest - Front portion of the body located between the neck and the limbs.
coronet - Part of the limbs covering the upper edge of the hoof and corresponding to the second phalange of the finger.
croup - Rear portion of the body between the loin and the base of the tail; it provides propulsion.
elbow - Articulation of the forelimb between the upper arm and the forearm above the knee.
fetlock - Tuft of hair located behind the fetlock joint.
fetlock joint - Articulation of the limbs between the cannon and the pastern forming a protuberance and acting as a shock absorber.
flank - Lateral portion of the body that ripples with the action of the muscles, which allows the horse to chase away insects and warm itself.
forearm - Part of the forelimb located between the shoulder and the elbow corresponding to the humerus.
forelock - Tuft of long stiff hairs (horsehair) on the upper terminal end of the mane and falling onto the forehead between the ears.
gaskin - Portion of the hind limb between the stifle and hock.
hock - Articulation of the hind limb; it contributes to movement and absorbs shocks.
hoof - Thick corneous casing covering and protecting the terminal end of the limb; it rests on the ground while the horse is walking and absorbs shocks.
knee - Articulation of the forelimb located below the elbow between the forearm and the cannon; it contributes to movement and acts as a shock absorber.
lip - Each of two movable muscular folds forming the contour of the mouth and having a tactile function.
loin - Upper portion of the body between the back and the croup; it transmits forward the propulsion from the hind limbs.
mane - Long stiff hairs (horsehair) covering the neck used mainly to chase away insects.
muzzle - Terminal end of the upper lip having a tactile and prehensile function.
neck - Portion of the body supporting the head and attached to the withers, the shoulders and the chest.
nose - Front portion of the head extending from the base of the eyes to the nostrils.
nostril - Each of the orifices of the nose having a respiratory and olfactory function.
pastern - Portion of the limbs between the fetlock joint and the coronet, corresponding to the first phalange of the finger.
shoulder - Upper portion of the forelimb attached to the trunk.
stifle - Articulation of the hind limb between the thigh and the leg formed of the patella and the skin that covers it.
tail - Terminal appendage of the body with long hairs; the horse whips its tail to chase away insects.
thigh - Upper portion of the hind limb having large powerful muscles.
withers - Portion of the body extending the neck and forming a protuberance above the shoulder.